What is Turner Syndrome?
Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal condition that describes girls and women with common features that are caused by complete or partial absence of the second sex chromosome. The syndrome is named after Dr. Henry Turner, who was among the first to describe its features in the 1930's. TS occurs in approximately 1 of every 2,500 female births and in as many as 10% of all miscarriages. (click here for more information about Turner Syndrome)
The aorta carries blood from the heart to the vessels that supply the body with blood and nutrients. If part of the aorta is narrowed, it is hard for blood to pass through the artery.
Aortic coarctation is more common in persons with certain genetic disorders, such as Turner syndrome.
Aortic coarctation is one of the more common heart conditions that are present at birth (congenital heart conditions). It is usually diagnosed in children or adults under age 40.
This condition may be related to cerebral aneurysms, which can increase the risk for stroke.
Coarctation of the aorta may be seen with other congenital heart defects, such as:
• Bicuspid aortic valve
• Defects in which only one ventricle is present
• Ventricular septal defect
Typically, screening for this defect is done at the time of diagnosis and throughout the lifespan to view any changes. In recent findings, it is essential for patients to have a cardiac MRI to visualize the architecture of the heart early in life as soon as the child can be viewed without sedation.
Turner Syndrome Information